Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a common problem in both men and women over 50 years of age. Other than age it might have other reasons such as physical trauma, injury of the joint, rheumatism, congenital joint deformations and being overweight.
Patients of Knee Osteoarthritis
Some people have higher risks for knee osteoarthritis;
- Overweight people
- Heavy physical workers
- Rheumatism patients
Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis
- Intense pain in joints, increasing with movement
- Pain in the joints during the change of seasons
- Swelling and loss of flexibility
- Meniscal tears
Surgical Options for Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis
- High Tibia Valgization Osteotonomy: The purpose of this treatment is to shift the pressure point on the knee towards the side to decrease the speed of osteoarthritis. It is not recommended in some cases due to the long healing period and possible complications.
- Arthroscopy: The surgeon detects and treats the problem with two small surgical tools, without cutting open the knee.
- Knee Replacement: This treatment is chosen in cases where the joint cartilage is damaged significantly. These damaged areas are replaced with special materials.